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Lesson: Tithing

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GOLDEN TEXT: Matthew 23:23

What is a Tithe? The tithe is defined as an exact tenth of something. As used in the Bible, it refers to allocating one tenth of oneís income to the Work of the Church. It does not mean simply giving in a general way. Tithing is the only financial system for the support of the Church commanded, illustrated or even referred to in the entire Bible. No other overall financial system is recognized.

Tithing is a way of honoring God with our substance and is a means of serving Him in the preaching the gospel and the care of the Church.

1. What comes to mind when you think of a robber or thief? We might visualize a bank robber, house burglar, or even a shop-lifter. But could you imagine one of your fellow church members, or even yourself, as a robber? What does Malachi 3:8-11 say?

Note: It may seem impossible, yet the scripture says clearly that all those who do not pay their tithes have robbed God. Someone may ask, "How could I have robbed God by not paying tithes? The money I earn is mine, and I havenít stolen anything from God!" As we know, "robbery" is the act of taking something that does not belong to you. God specifically used the term "robbery" in Malachi to show that the tithe (which means a tenth) belongs to Him.

2. What happens to a person who is guilty of robbing God? (Malachi 3:9). Is he cursed with a curse? How will God bless someone who tithes? (Malachi 3:10).

Note: The scriptures say that he will be "cursed with a curse." What kind of curse is this? From Malachi we see that Godís blessing to the tither is to open Heavenís windows and pour out abundant blessings, and to rebuke the devourer (Satan) from destroying their increase and fruitfulness (Mal. 3:10-11). In contrast, the non-tither is cursed by having no protection to prevent the devourer from destroying their prosperity, and God cannot shower them with His abundant Heavenly blessings. God cannot bless or protect the prosperity of the person who does not tithe! This indeed is a curse. Some claim they canít afford to pay their tithes. But let me ask, "Can you afford to be cursed? Can you afford to not have Godís blessings and protection over your finances? Can you afford to be considered a thief or robber of Godís property? The fact is, you cannot afford not to pay your tithes, because this is the principle that God has chosen to bless you!

3. Is God is the owner of this earth, and does everything on it belongs to Him? (Psalms 24:1,1Chronicles 29:13-14, Exodus 9:29, Isaiah 66:1-2, Acts 7:49-50, 2 Kings 19:15, Nehemiah 9:6, Jeremiah 27:5, Hebrews 1:10, Acts 17:24, Job 12:9-10, Psalms 89:11, 95:3-5, Daniel 4:17, John 19:11, Revelation 4:11.) Does all of the silver and gold belong to God? (Haggai 2:8).

Note: Before we become possessive about the treasures of this world, let us first remember that God created this planet and everything on it and it belongs to Him.

4. Does every good gift come from God? (John 3:27, James 1:17).

Note: God is responsible for every means that people have to make a living. Are you a farmer? You plant Godís seeds in His earth and rely upon His rain and sunshine to ripen it to harvest. Are you an auto worker? All the steel, glass, rubber, plastic, oil and gasoline are products from Godís earth. Are you a craftsman? Your talent or skill to work at a trade is given by God. He has given you your brain, eyes, ears, mouth, hands, fingers, legs, and feet that you use to earn your living. Even the silver and copper in our coins, and the wood pulp in our paper currency comes from Godís earth. It is extremely fair of God to only require a tenth to be returned to Him, since He owns 100% of this planet.

5. Does God expect us to be stewards of His property? (Luke 16:10-11).

Note: God has chosen for us to personally return the tithe to Him so that we can demonstrate our stewardship of His property. Stewardship is the faithful and responsible management of something that belongs to someone else. Obviously, if God observes that we are irresponsible to return the small percentage that belongs to Him as He has directed, He knows that we can neither be trusted with any greater responsibilities or blessings in the Kingdom of God. Tithing is a test of our stewardship over the property of God, a test of our honesty to return to God what is rightfully His, a test of our obedience to do what He told us to do, and a test of our love and desire to please Him with our lives.

6. When Abram (This was before his name was changed to Abraham) heard that his nephew Lot was taken captive by the Babylonian kings, how many servants did he arm? (Genesis 14:14). Did Abraham attack them? (Verse 15.) Did Abraham bring back all the goods, his nephew Lot and his goods? (Verse 16). Did Melchizedek king of Salem serve bread and wine to Abraham? (Verse 18). Was Melchizedek the priest of God? Did he bless Abraham? (Verse 19). Did Abraham pay a tithe of all to Melchizedek? (Verse 20).

Note: Melchizedek was king of Salem (meaning `peace').

7. Was Melchizedek the king of Salem? (Hebrews 7:1-4). Was he without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life? (Verse 3). Was he like the Son of God? Was he great? (Verse 4). Did Abraham give him a tenth of the spoils?

Note: In these passages about Melchizedek the Old Testament uses the term Tithe and the New Testament uses the term Tenth.

Hebrews 7:4 says that tithes were given on the booty or "spoils" of the battle - including nonagricultural products. This scripture foils the idea of some who say that you only have to pay tithes on agriculture produce.

This account indicates that the spoils belonged to Abraham by right of conquest. Notice that he gave the tithe to Melchizedek before discussing their further distribution with the king of Sodom.

8. Now, let's just consider what Jesus said about tithing. Does He command us to Tithe? (Matthew 23:23, Luke 11:42.)

Note: We see here that Jesus did command tithing but He also admonishes us not to neglect the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faith. The Pharisees of His day were very legalistic going to extremes in tithing and neglecting the poor and needy.

In our study of tithing we have seen that if we do not tithe then we are robbing God (Malachi 3:8-11). We have seen that God is the owner of the earth and everything belongs to Him. We have read about the example of Abraham paying tithes on the spoils of war to Melchizedek. And we have seen where Jesus commanded tithing in the New Testament (Matthew 23:23.)

9. Did Jacob make a vow to God that he would pay his tithe so God would bless him? (Genesis 28:20-22.)

Note: Tithing in patriarchal times was an act and an expression of worship of God. Notice verse 22 that it is connected with the setting up of an altar or pillar which was to be "Godís house."

10. The tithing law was changed from the Mechizedek priesthood to the Levitical priesthood when God was working with Moses and tribes of Israel. Did God say that the Levites were to receive the tithes? (Numbers 18:21, 26-28.) What were they to use the tithes for? Are your tithes holy to the Lord? (Leviticus 27:30.)

11. Letís go to Hebrews 7. Did Abraham pay tithes to Melchizedek? (Verse 1-4). Did the tribe or sons of Levi who was the Levitical priesthood receive tithes? (Verses 5-10). Was the priesthood changed again back to the order of Melchizedek? (Verse 11). Was it necessary to change the law of the priesthood and tithing? (Verse 12). Was Jesus Jewish and of the tribe of Judah? (Verses 13-14). Is Jesus a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek? (Verses 15-17).

12. Did Jesus say to Peter that He would build His Church? (Matthew 16:18). Did Jesus say that the gates of ( Hades) the grave would not prevail against it?

Note: This means that as people in the Church die, God and Jesus will call others to take their place (John 6:44).

13. What did Jesus command Peter to do? (John 21:15-19). Jesus told Peter to "Feed My Sheep."

Note: The first commission of the Church is to feed the sheep, the people of God in the Church with spiritual food including the Law of God and the truth of God.

14. What is the second commission of the Church? (Matthew 28:18-20).

Note: The Church is to make disciples, baptize them and teach them. This is what evangelism is all about.

15. What is the gospel message that Godís Church is to preach? (Matthew 24:14).

Note: The gospel or good news that Jesus brought and preached was about the Kingdom of God. When Jesus Christ returns to this earth He will establish the Kingdom of God, a literal government, on the earth that will last for a 1,000 years. He will be King of kings and Lord of lords and the Saints will rule with Him (Revelation 20:4, 17:14).

16. Tithing is the only financial system for the support of the Church commanded, illustrated or even referred to in the entire Bible. No other overall financial system is recognized. What Church should you send your tithes to?

Note: Tithing is very important to God and to you. It is a form of worship, similar to prayer and Bible study. It shows where your heart and your treasure is (Matthew 6:19-21). The Church you send your tithes to should be preaching the Gospel of the Kingdom of God. It should be preaching the Truth (John 17:17), the Truth that comes from the Bible, such as, the seventh day Saturday Sabbath (Exodus 20:8-11, Hebrews 4:9), Godís seven annual Holy Days, Passover (Luke 22), Unleavened Bread (1 Corinthians 5:7-8), Pentecost (Acts 2), Feast of Tabernacles (John 7). The Bible says nothing about Sunday, Easter or Christmas. A person should be responsible to God in where they pay Godís tithe to. It should be a Church doing His work.

17. How should you figure your tithes? (Deuteronomy 14:22).

Note: The Bible reveals that we should tithe on the increase or profit we receive as a result of our productive effort. You would pay one tenth of the total amount of your gross pay before deductions. This would include such sources as capital gains from investment property, dividends from stock and interest from bank accounts. It does not include social security benefits, welfare pensions, gifts, unemployment or disability compensation, or loans that must be repaid. If you are in business, you would tithe on the adjusted gross, after expenses have been deducted, and you know what your profit is.

As a general rule: if is taxable then it is tithable.

18. What about a newly converted person who wants to obey God and begin tithing?

A person is not required to tithe on anything acquired before his conversion or before the knowledge about tithing came to his attention. But he certainly ought to be generous when he voluntarily gives an offering.

19. Should you pay tithes on gifts and inheritances?

All wealth, all material goods and money, was produced and earned at some point by someone through personal productive effort. The one who actually produced the goods or earned the money is the one responsible before God to tithe on that productive increase. Anyone who receives a gift or inheritance (whether material goods, or money earned and produced by someone else) is not responsible to pay tithes on what he receives. Such a person should be willing to give a generous offering according to how God has blessed him.

In conclusion: Tithing shows our love, respect and admiration for God. It is an expression of our honor and acknowledgment of Godís supreme lordship and mastery in the universe.

King Solomon recorded in Proverbs 3:9-10 "Honor the LORD with your possessions, And with the firstfruits of all your increase; {10} So your barns will be filled with plenty, And your vats will overflow with new wine."

Remember Godís tithe is holy (Leviticus 27:30). Tithing is a form of worship of God. There is no Tithing I.R.S. to check up on you, this is strictly between you and God. God promises to bless you if you tithe (Malachi 3:8-11). Your attitude is very important in tithing. Remember Godís loves a cheerful giver (2 Corinthians 9:7).


Scripture Reading:  Malachi 3:8-11 (NKJV)  "Will a man rob God? Yet you have robbed Me! But you say, 'In what way have we robbed You?' In tithes and offerings. {9} You are cursed with a curse, For you have robbed Me, Even this whole nation. {10} Bring all the tithes into the storehouse, That there may be food in My house, And try Me now in this," Says the LORD of hosts, "If I will not open for you the windows of heaven And pour out for you such blessing That there will not be room enough to receive it. {11} "And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, So that he will not destroy the fruit of your ground, Nor shall the vine fail to bear fruit for you in the field," Says the LORD of hosts."

Golden Text:  Matthew 23:23   (NKJV) "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faith. These you ought to have done, without leaving the others undone."

1. See Scripture Reading

2. (Malachi 3:9-11 NKJV) You are cursed with a curse, For you have robbed Me, Even this whole nation. {10} Bring all the tithes into the storehouse, That there may be food in My house, And try Me now in this," Says the LORD of hosts, "If I will not open for you the windows of heaven And pour out for you such blessing That there will not be room enough to receive it. {11} "And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, So that he will not destroy the fruit of your ground, Nor shall the vine fail to bear fruit for you in the field," Says the LORD of hosts;

3. (Psalms 24:1 NKJV) The earth is the Lord's, and all its fullness, The world and those who dwell therein.

(1 Chronicles 29:13-14 NKJV) "Now therefore, our God, We thank You And praise Your glorious name. {14} But who am I, and who are my people, That we should be able to offer so willingly as this? For all things come from You, And of Your own we have given You.

(Exodus 9:29 NKJV) So Moses said to him, "As soon as I have gone out of the city, I will spread out my hands to the LORD; the thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, that you may know that the earth is the Lord's.

Judgment and Hope

(Isaiah 66:1-2 NKJV) Thus says the LORD: "Heaven is My throne, And earth is My footstool. Where is the house that you will build Me? And where is the place of My rest? {2} For all those things My hand has made, And all those things exist," Says the LORD. "But on this one will I look: On him who is poor and of a contrite spirit, And who trembles at My word.

(Acts 7:49-50 NKJV) 'Heaven is My throne, And earth is My footstool. What house will you build for Me? says the LORD, Or what is the place of My rest? {50} Has My hand not made all these things?'

(2 Kings 19:15 NKJV) Then Hezekiah prayed before the LORD, and said: "O LORD God of Israel, the One who dwells between the cherubim, You are God, You alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth. You have made heaven and earth.

(Nehemiah 9:6 NKJV) You alone are the LORD; You have made heaven, The heaven of heavens, with all their host, The earth and everything on it, The seas and all that is in them, And You preserve them all. The host of heaven worships You.

(Jeremiah 27:5 NKJV) 'I have made the earth, the man and the beast that are on the ground, by My great power and by My outstretched arm, and have given it to whom it seemed proper to Me.

(Hebrews 1:10 NKJV) And: "You, LORD, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the work of Your hands.

(Acts 17:24 NKJV) "God, who made the world and everything in it, since He is Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples made with hands.

(Job 12:9-10 NKJV) Who among all these does not know That the hand of the LORD has done this, {10} In whose hand is the life of every living thing, And the breath of all mankind?

(Psalms 89:11 NKJV) The heavens are Yours, the earth also is Yours; The world and all its fullness, You have founded them.

(Psalms 95:3-5 NKJV) For the LORD is the great God, And the great King above all gods. {4} In His hand are the deep places of the earth; The heights of the hills are His also. {5} The sea is His, for He made it; And His hands formed the dry land.

(Daniel 4:17 NKJV) 'This decision is by the decree of the watchers, And the sentence by the word of the holy ones, In order that the living may know That the Most High rules in the kingdom of men, Gives it to whomever He will, And sets over it the lowest of men.'

(John 19:11 NKJV) Jesus answered, "You could have no power at all against Me unless it had been given you from above. Therefore the one who delivered Me to you has the greater sin."

(Revelation 4:11 NKJV) "You are worthy, O Lord, To receive glory and honor and power; For You created all things, And by Your will they exist and were created."

(Haggai 2:8 NKJV) 'The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine,' says the LORD of hosts.

4. (John 3:27 NKJV) John answered and said, "A man can receive nothing unless it has been given to him from heaven.

(James 1:17 NKJV) Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow of turning.

5. (Luke 16:10-11 NKJV) "He who is faithful in what is least is faithful also in much; and he who is unjust in what is least is unjust also in much. {11} "Therefore if you have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches?

6. (Genesis 14:14-20 NKJV) Now when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his three hundred and eighteen trained servants who were born in his own house, and went in pursuit as far as Dan. {15} He divided his forces against them by night, and he and his servants attacked them and pursued them as far as Hobah, which is north of Damascus. {16} So he brought back all the goods, and also brought back his brother Lot and his goods, as well as the women and the people. {17} And the king of Sodom went out to meet him at the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King's Valley), after his return from the defeat of Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him. {18} Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; he was the priest of God Most High. {19} And he blessed him and said: "Blessed be Abram of God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth; {20} And blessed be God Most High, Who has delivered your enemies into your hand." And he gave him a tithe of all.

7. Melchizedek the Priest

(Hebrews 7:1-4 NKJV) For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, {2} to whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all, first being translated "king of righteousness," and then also king of Salem, meaning "king of peace," {3} without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, remains a priest continually. {4} Now consider how great this man was, to whom even the patriarch Abraham gave a tenth of the spoils.

8. (Matthew 23:23 NKJV) "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faith. These you ought to have done, without leaving the others undone.

(Luke 11:42 NKJV) "But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass by justice and the love of God. These you ought to have done, without leaving the others undone.

9. (Genesis 28:20-22 NKJV) Then Jacob made a vow, saying, "If God will be with me, and keep me in this way that I am going, and give me bread to eat and clothing to put on, {21} "so that I come back to my father's house in peace, then the LORD shall be my God. {22} "And this stone which I have set as a pillar shall be God's house, and of all that You give me I will surely give a tenth to You."

10. (Numbers 18:21 NKJV) "Behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tithes in Israel as an inheritance in return for the work which they perform, the work of the tabernacle of meeting.

(Numbers 18:26-28 NKJV) "Speak thus to the Levites, and say to them: 'When you take from the children of Israel the tithes which I have given you from them as your inheritance, then you shall offer up a heave offering of it to the LORD, a tenth of the tithe. {27} 'And your heave offering shall be reckoned to you as though it were the grain of the threshing floor and as the fullness of the winepress. {28} 'Thus you shall also offer a heave offering to the LORD from all your tithes which you receive from the children of Israel, and you shall give the Lord's heave offering from it to Aaron the priest.

(Leviticus 27:30 NKJV) 'And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land or of the fruit of the tree, is the Lord's. It is holy to the LORD.

11. (Hebrews 7 NKJV) For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, {2} to whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all, first being translated "king of righteousness," and then also king of Salem, meaning "king of peace," {3} without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, remains a priest continually. {4} Now consider how great this man was, to whom even the patriarch Abraham gave a tenth of the spoils. {5} And indeed those who are of the sons of Levi, who receive the priesthood, have a commandment to receive tithes from the people according to the law, that is, from their brethren, though they have come from the loins of Abraham; {6} but he whose genealogy is not derived from them received tithes from Abraham and blessed him who had the promises. {7} Now beyond all contradiction the lesser is blessed by the better. {8} Here mortal men receive tithes, but there he receives them, of whom it is witnessed that he lives. {9} Even Levi, who receives tithes, paid tithes through Abraham, so to speak, {10} for he was still in the loins of his father when Melchizedek met him.

Jesus Like Melchizedek

{11} Therefore, if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need was there that another priest should rise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be called according to the order of Aaron? {12} For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also a change of the law. {13} For He of whom these things are spoken belongs to another tribe, from which no man has officiated at the altar. {14} For it is evident that our Lord arose from Judah, of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood. {15} And it is yet far more evident if, in the likeness of Melchizedek, there arises another priest {16} who has come, not according to the law of a fleshly commandment, but according to the power of an endless life. {17} For He testifies: "You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek." {18} For on the one hand there is an annulling of the former commandment because of its weakness and unprofitableness, {19} for the law made nothing perfect; on the other hand, there is the bringing in of a better hope, through which we draw near to God. {20} And inasmuch as He was not made priest without an oath {21} (for they have become priests without an oath, but He with an oath by Him who said to Him: "The LORD has sworn And will not relent, 'You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek'"), {22} by so much more Jesus has become a surety of a better covenant. {23} Also there were many priests, because they were prevented by death from continuing. {24} But He, because He continues forever, has an unchangeable priesthood. {25} Therefore He is also able to save to the uttermost those who come to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them. {26} For such a High Priest was fitting for us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and has become higher than the heavens; {27} who does not need daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins and then for the people's, for this He did once for all when He offered up Himself. {28} For the law appoints as high priests men who have weakness, but the word of the oath, which came after the law, appoints the Son who has been perfected forever.

12. (Matthew 16:18 NKJV) "And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.

13. (John 21:15-19 NKJV) So when they had eaten breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, "Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me more than these?" He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; You know that I love You." He said to him, "Feed My lambs." {16} He said to him again a second time, "Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me?" He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; You know that I love You." He said to him, "Tend My sheep." {17} He said to him the third time, "Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me?" Peter was grieved because He said to him the third time, "Do you love Me?" And he said to Him, "Lord, You know all things; You know that I love You." Jesus said to him, "Feed My sheep. {18} "Most assuredly, I say to you, when you were younger, you girded yourself and walked where you wished; but when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and another will gird you and carry you where you do not wish." {19} This He spoke, signifying by what death he would glorify God. And when He had spoken this, He said to him, "Follow Me."

14. (Matthew 28:18-20 NKJV) And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. {19} "Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, {20} "teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.

15. (Matthew 24:14 NKJV) "And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in all the world as a witness to all the nations, and then the end will come.

(Revelation 20:4 NKJV) And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands. And they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years.

(Revelation 17:14 NKJV) "These will make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings; and those who are with Him are called, chosen, and faithful."

16. (Matthew 6:19-21 NKJV) "Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal; {20} "but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal. {21} "For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.

(John 17:17 NKJV) "Sanctify them by Your truth. Your word is truth.

(Exodus 20:8-11 NKJV) "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. {9} Six days you shall labor and do all your work, {10} but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. {11} For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.

(Hebrews 4:9 NKJV) There remains therefore a rest for the people of God.

(Luke 22 NKJV) Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread drew near, which is called Passover. {2} And the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might kill Him, for they feared the people. {3} Then Satan entered Judas, surnamed Iscariot, who was numbered among the twelve. {4} So he went his way and conferred with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray Him to them. {5} And they were glad, and agreed to give him money. {6} So he promised and sought opportunity to betray Him to them in the absence of the multitude.

{7} Then came the Day of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover must be killed. {8} And He sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat." {9} So they said to Him, "Where do You want us to prepare?" {10} And He said to them, "Behold, when you have entered the city, a man will meet you carrying a pitcher of water; follow him into the house which he enters. {11} "Then you shall say to the master of the house, 'The Teacher says to you, "Where is the guest room where I may eat the Passover with My disciples?"' {12} "Then he will show you a large, furnished upper room; there make ready." {13} So they went and found it just as He had said to them, and they prepared the Passover. {14} When the hour had come, He sat down, and the twelve apostles with Him. {15} Then He said to them, "With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; {16} "for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God." {17} Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, "Take this and divide it among yourselves; {18} "for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes." {19} And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, "This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me." {20} Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you. {21} "But behold, the hand of My betrayer is with Me on the table. {22} "And truly the Son of Man goes as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom He is betrayed!" {23} Then they began to question among themselves, which of them it was who would do this thing. {24} Now there was also a dispute among them, as to which of them should be considered the greatest. {25} And He said to them, "The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and those who exercise authority over them are called 'benefactors.' {26} "But not so among you; on the contrary, he who is greatest among you, let him be as the younger, and he who governs as he who serves. {27} "For who is greater, he who sits at the table, or he who serves? Is it not he who sits at the table? Yet I am among you as the One who serves. {28} "But you are those who have continued with Me in My trials. {29} "And I bestow upon you a kingdom, just as My Father bestowed one upon Me, {30} "that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel." {31} And the Lord said, "Simon, Simon! Indeed, Satan has asked for you, that he may sift you as wheat. {32} "But I have prayed for you, that your faith should not fail; and when you have returned to Me, strengthen your brethren." {33} But he said to Him, "Lord, I am ready to go with You, both to prison and to death." {34} Then He said, "I tell you, Peter, the rooster shall not crow this day before you will deny three times that you know Me." {35} And He said to them, "When I sent you without money bag, knapsack, and sandals, did you lack anything?" So they said, "Nothing." {36} Then He said to them, "But now, he who has a money bag, let him take it, and likewise a knapsack; and he who has no sword, let him sell his garment and buy one. {37} "For I say to you that this which is written must still be accomplished in Me: 'And He was numbered with the transgressors.' For the things concerning Me have an end." {38} So they said, "Lord, look, here are two swords." And He said to them, "It is enough."

{39} Coming out, He went to the Mount of Olives, as He was accustomed, and His disciples also followed Him. {40} When He came to the place, He said to them, "Pray that you may not enter into temptation." {41} And He was withdrawn from them about a stone's throw, and He knelt down and prayed, {42} saying, "Father, if it is Your will, take this cup away from Me; nevertheless not My will, but Yours, be done." {43} Then an angel appeared to Him from heaven, strengthening Him. {44} And being in agony, He prayed more earnestly. Then His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground. {45} When He rose up from prayer, and had come to His disciples, He found them sleeping from sorrow. {46} Then He said to them, "Why do you sleep? Rise and pray, lest you enter into temptation."

{47} And while He was still speaking, behold, a multitude; and he who was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them and drew near to Jesus to kiss Him. {48} But Jesus said to him, "Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?" {49} When those around Him saw what was going to happen, they said to Him, "Lord, shall we strike with the sword?" {50} And one of them struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear. {51} But Jesus answered and said, "Permit even this." And He touched his ear and healed him. {52} Then Jesus said to the chief priests, captains of the temple, and the elders who had come to Him, "Have you come out, as against a robber, with swords and clubs? {53} "When I was with you daily in the temple, you did not try to seize Me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness."

{54} Having arrested Him, they led Him and brought Him into the high priest's house. But Peter followed at a distance. {55} Now when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat among them. {56} And a certain servant girl, seeing him as he sat by the fire, looked intently at him and said, "This man was also with Him." {57} But he denied Him, saying, "Woman, I do not know Him." {58} And after a little while another saw him and said, "You also are of them." But Peter said, "Man, I am not!" {59} Then after about an hour had passed, another confidently affirmed, saying, "Surely this fellow also was with Him, for he is a Galilean." {60} But Peter said, "Man, I do not know what you are saying!" Immediately, while he was still speaking, the rooster crowed. {61} And the Lord turned and looked at Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had said to him, "Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times." {62} So Peter went out and wept bitterly.

{63} Now the men who held Jesus mocked Him and beat Him. {64} And having blindfolded Him, they struck Him on the face and asked Him, saying, "Prophesy! Who is the one who struck You?" {65} And many other things they blasphemously spoke against Him.

{66} As soon as it was day, the elders of the people, both chief priests and scribes, came together and led Him into their council, saying, {67} "If You are the Christ, tell us." But He said to them, "If I tell you, you will by no means believe. {68} "And if I also ask you, you will by no means answer Me or let Me go. {69} "Hereafter the Son of Man will sit on the right hand of the power of God." {70} Then they all said, "Are You then the Son of God?" So He said to them, "You rightly say that I am." {71} And they said, "What further testimony do we need? For we have heard it ourselves from His own mouth."

(1 Corinthians 5:7-8 NKJV) Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us. {8} Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

(Acts 2:1-4 NKJV) When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. {2} And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. {3} Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. {4} And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

(John 7:37-39 NKJV) On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, "If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. {38} "He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water." {39} But this He spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those believing in Him would receive; for the Holy Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.

17. (Deuteronomy 14:22 NKJV) "You shall truly tithe all the increase of your grain that the field produces year by year.


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