B i b l e   S t u d y

Lesson: The Fourth Commandment


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SCRIPTURE READING: Exodus 20:8-11
GOLDEN TEXT:  Hebrews 4:9

1. Who was it that verbally spoke to Moses and the children of Israel? (Exodus 20:1). Did the Lord God bring Israel out of bondage? (Exodus 20:2). What did God do to keep the children of Israel free from bondage? He gave them His Ten Commandments.

2. Did God command His people to "remember the Sabbath Day and keep it holy?" (Exodus 20:8). Did He also command them to labor and work for six days? (Verse 9.) Were any of their family, servants, strangers or even their cattle to work? (Vs. 10.) Does God tie the Sabbath in to honor the fact that He rested on the seventh day after He had made the heavens, earth, sea and all that is within them? (Vs. 11.) Did God rest on the seventh day? (Vs. 11.) Did He at the time of creation bless the Sabbath and make it holy? (Vs. 11.)

Note: This command is the longest of any of the Decalogue. It begins with the injunction to "remember" which proves that the Sabbath command was already understood by Godís chosen people. God included it as part of His basic spiritual law and was reminding them of this command of which they already had knowledge.

3. What is the first thing that God made holy? (Genesis 2:2-3.) The answer may surprise you. The answer is: a 24 hour period of time that God called the Sabbath. Did God rest from all His work on the seventh day? (Vs. 2.) Did He bless the seventh day? Did He make the seventh day holy? Did He give the seventh day a special name? (Exodus 20:8.)

Note: It is interesting that in Genesis 2:3-4 the word Sabbath is not mentioned. In fact the word Sabbath is not mentioned in the King James version of the Bible until Exodus 16:23. The Hebrew word for "rested" in Genesis 2:3 is "shabath." "Shabath" is one of the three Hebrew words that are used in the Old Testament translated as Sabbath. In essence, God Sabbathed, when He rested.

4. God is holy and only He can make something holy. God chose to make the seventh day of the week holy. Does God command His people to be holy? (1 Peter 1:15-16.) Holiness is the nature of God. God wants His people to be holy just as He is holy. Since being "holy" involves our conduct and behavior, do we then need to strive to keep Godís Ten Commandments in order to produce holiness? (Leviticus 19:1-4.)5. Who made the Sabbath? (Mark 2:27-28.) Notice that Jesus did NOT say that the Sabbath was made for the Jews, but it was made for MAN, in other words, it was made for all of mankind. Also notice that Jesus said that He (the Son of Man) is Lord of the Sabbath. Which member of the Godhead was the creator of "all things?" (John 1:1-3, Ephesians 3:9, Hebrews 1:2.) God the Father used Jesus to bring the creation into being. Jesus made Adam and Eve on the sixth day and He made the Sabbath on the seventh day. Jesus made the Sabbath for man and He made it holy time as a great blessing for man. Jesus knew that man needed to take time to rest, and have time to worship Him and God the Father, to pray, study, meditate and to assemble themselves together to worship God. The Sabbath is a great gift and blessing that God has given to mankind, to those whom He made in His own image (Genesis 1:26-27).

Since Jesus made the Sabbath, that makes the Sabbath the true "Lordís Day."

6. Did God give His Sabbaths to Israel as a "sign" between Him and them so that they would know that He was the "LORD" who sanctified them? (Exodus 31:12-18.) The word "LORD" is the Hebrew word "YHVH" or "Yehovah" which is Godís name and it means self-Existent or Eternal. God gave the Israelites His Sabbaths so they would know Him and His name "Yehovah."

Were they told to keep the Sabbath and that the Sabbath was holy? (Vs. 14.) Was the Sabbath to be a perpetual covenant? (Vs. 16.) Did the prophet Ezekiel also write about Godís Sabbaths being a "sign" between God and Israel? (Ezekiel 20:12-13.) Notice that in both passages of Exodus and Ezekiel that the Sabbaths are referred to as Godís Sabbaths.

7. Ancient Israel had been slaves in the land of Egypt. God sent Moses to deliver them from their oppression and God led Israel out of Egypt, to the Red Sea and by a great miracle, the Children of Israel went through the Red Sea on dry ground. They finally arrived at the wilderness of Sin. Now letís focus in on the story of the Manna in Exodus 16:4-35. Did God rain bread from heaven for them? (Vs. 4.) Was God testing them to see if they would walk in His law? (Vs. 4.) Did God instruct them to gather twice as much manna on the sixth day? (Vs. 22.) Was the extra amount to be used for the Sabbath? (Vs. 23.) Did the people rest on the seventh day Sabbath? (Vs. 30.)

Note: Israel had been slaves in Egypt for many years and as slaves they labored greatly working 7 days a week. The first great lesson that God wanted Israel to learn was to "rest on the Sabbath." The Manna was to be gathered every day, except the Sabbath. If they gathered more than they should have each day, except on the day immediately preceding the Sabbath, the Manna substance became wormy and offensive. Notice that in verse 3, it says: "that I may test them, whether they will walk in My law or not." This was a simple test to see if the Children of Israel really loved the God who had delivered them from slavery and would they keep His law? Today the Sabbath still remains as the "test commandment." The first words of the Fourth Commandment says to: "Remember the Sabbath." Why? Because people want to forget it. Many people think that since the Sabbath was contained in what is called the "Book of the Covenant" in Exodus 20 to 24, that it is no longer binding on us today who are under the New Covenant (Luke 22.) But people forget the three examples of the Sabbath being in force and practiced before the commandments were given at Mount Sinai. We have looked at Genesis 2:2-3 and have seen that the Sabbath was clearly spelled out at creation by the example of how God lived and worked. God made the Sabbath holy at creation which was before there were any Jews or the Old Covenant was made with Israel. We have also seen that the Sabbath was given as a separate perpetual covenant recorded in Exodus 31.

Thirdly we have seen how the Sabbath was reinforced with the example of the manna. God was teaching His people Israel discipline in how to keep the Sabbath by preparing the day before the Sabbath and to rest on the Sabbath.

8. Did Israel fail the "test" of keeping Godís Sabbath? (Ezekiel 20:13-16, 23-24.) Did they defile and profane Godís Sabbath? (Vs. 13, 16.) What are the two reasons that Israel had to wander in the wilderness for forty years and later go into captivity? (Vs. 23-24.) Was Sabbath breaking listed as a cause for the future captivity of Israel? (Ezekiel 22:6-8, 15, 26, 23:36-38, 46-47.)

9. Are Godís people to call the Sabbath a delight? (Isaiah 58:13-14.) Are we to honor God, by not doing our own ways, our own pleasure, and speaking our own words? (Vs. 13.) Are there blessings by delighting in the Sabbath? (Vs. 14.)

Note: Some people may smirk and call the Sabbath a "yoke of bondage." The Sabbath is not a "yoke of bondage" because it pictures freedom and liberty. The Israelites were slaves in Egypt and they discovered by the manna incident that the Sabbath pictured freedom and liberty from working seven days a week. Everyone who keeps the Sabbath knows that the Sabbath is Godís weekly feast day and that it is a time of gladness and joy. It is the day commanded by God to worship Him through prayer, Bible study, meditation, singing and fellow shipping with other people of like minds.

10. Is the Sabbath one of the "feasts of the Lord?" (Leviticus 23:1-3.) Is the Sabbath to be holy convocation? (Vs. 3.) Are you to work on the Sabbath Day? (Vs. 3.) Are we to assemble ourselves together on the Sabbath exhorting one another? (Hebrews 10:24-25.) Are we to fellowship with one another and with God and Jesus? (1 John 1:3, 7.)

11. When do you keep the Sabbath? (Leviticus 23:32.) Notice that Godís days begin at evening and continue to the next evening, from sunset to sunset. How did God phrase this at creation? (Genesis 1:5, 8, 13, 19, 31.)

12. Was it Jesusí custom to keep the Sabbath? (Luke 4:16.) Jesus was Jewish and He kept the seventh day Sabbath. Did He go into the Jewish synagogues and teach on the Sabbath? (Mark 1:21, 6:2.) Did Jesus also heal people in the synagogues on the Sabbath? (Luke 6:6-11, 13:10-14.)

13. Did Paul, who was the apostle to the Gentiles, teach the Gentiles on the Sabbath? (Acts 13:42-44, 17:2, 18:4.) Was it the apostle Paulís custom to keep the Sabbath? (Acts 17:2.) Did the Gentiles, who were turning to God, hear Mosesí writings read every Sabbath? (Acts 15:19-21.)

Note: When the New Testament Church was founded on Pentecost, it was composed almost exclusively of "Jews, devout men, from every nation under heaven" (Acts 2:1-5.) The apostles were Jewish and the Gospel did not go to the Gentiles until Peter went to Cornelius which is recorded in Acts 10 which was about eight to ten years after the Church was founded on Pentecost Through out the New Testament period while the apostles were alive and while the New Testament was being written and everywhere there was a Christian Church, the New Testament Christians kept the Sabbath Day on the same day as the Jews observed.

14. We all realize that years ago in the past that the Sabbath was kept by the ancient Israelites, Jesus and the apostles, but what about the future? Are there prophecies that say that the Sabbath will be kept in the millennium after Jesus returns as King of kings and Lord of Lords and establishes the Kingdom of God on earth? (Isaiah 66:23, Ezekiel 44:24.) If the Sabbath was kept in ancient Israel, and it will be kept in the future kingdom age, why shouldn't it be kept today? Does the New Testament give us a scripture that commands us to keep the Sabbath today? (Hebrews 4:9.)

Note: Hebrews 4:9 (KJV) says: "There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God." The word appearing as "rest" in Hebrews 4:9 is not translated properly. In the original Greek it is "Sabbatismos," which means: "A KEEPING OF THE SABBATH."

The New International Version translates this verse as: "There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God." The American Standard Version, Weymouth New Testament, Rotherham Emphasized Bible also translates the word "rest" as "Sabbath-rest." The Bible in Basic English translates this verse as: "So that there is still a Sabbath-keeping for the people of God."

Note: The following is a quote from an article titled: Why the Seventh Day Sabbath, published by The Bible Sabbath Association: "History reveals that it was because of political and social pressures that the Sabbath was gradually abandoned for Sunday - long after the time of the Apostles. Severe anti-Jewish attitudes developed in the Roman world during the first and second centuries. As acts of repression, the Romans outlawed circumcision, sacrificing, Sabbath-keeping and other Jewish practices. Consequently, Christians, particularly at Rome, found it expedient to put as much distance as possible between themselves and the Jews, to demonstrate to the Romans that they were not Jewish. One way they did this was to work on the Sabbath. Sunday, which was already used by many Romans as a holiday, was a convenient substitute." 

For a detailed account of this substitution, see the book "From Sabbath to Sunday" by Samuele Bacchiocchi (Gregorian Pontifical University Press, 1974). 

Web address:
www.biblicalperspectives.com

When Constantine officially recognized Christianity in the fourth century, he put the power of the empire behind Sunday observance. In the centuries that followed, the first day of the week became so firmly entrenched as the "Christian Sabbath" that even Protestant reformers could not dislodge it, though they claimed their authority from the Bible and Bible only.

Sunday observance was adopted for the sake of political expedience and is based solely on church tradition. The seventh-day Sabbath, on the other hand, is rooted firmly in the authority of God's Word! If you use the Bible for your authority, how can you come up with some other day other than the Sabbath? Which is your source of authority - church tradition or the Bible?"

In Conclusion: Godís fourth Commandment commands us to "Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy." Keeping the Fourth Commandment shows that we have a deep love and respect for God and His Sabbath Day. Are you willing to obey the Fourth Commandment?

 



Scriptures


Scripture Reading:   (Exodus 20:8-11 NKJV) "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. {9} Six days you shall labor and do all your work, {10} but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. {11} For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.


Golden Text: (Hebrews 4:9 NKJV) There remains therefore a rest for the people of God.


1.) (Exodus 20:1-2 NKJV) And God spoke all these words, saying: {2} "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

2.) See Scripture Reading.

3.) (Genesis 2:2-3 NKJV) And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. {3} Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.

4.) (1 Peter 1:15-16 NKJV) but as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, {16} because it is written, "Be holy, for I am holy."

(Matthew 5:48 NKJV) "Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect.

(Leviticus 19:1-4 NKJV) And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, {2} "Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say to them: 'You shall be holy, for I the LORD your God am holy. {3} 'Every one of you shall revere his mother and his father, and keep My Sabbaths: I am the LORD your God. {4} 'Do not turn to idols, nor make for yourselves molded gods: I am the LORD your God.

5.) (Mark 2:27-28 NKJV) And He said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. {28} "Therefore the Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath."

(John 1:1-3 NKJV) In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. {2} He was in the beginning with God. {3} All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.

(Ephesians 3:9 NKJV) and to make all see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the ages has been hidden in God who created all things through Jesus Christ;

(Hebrews 1:2 NKJV) has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds;

(Genesis 1:26-27 NKJV) Then God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth." {27} So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.

6.) (Exodus 31:12-18 NKJV) And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, {13} "Speak also to the children of Israel, saying: 'Surely My Sabbaths you shall keep, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the LORD who sanctifies you. {14} 'You shall keep the Sabbath, therefore, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people. {15} 'Work shall be done for six days, but the seventh is the Sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. {16} 'Therefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant. {17} 'It is a sign between Me and the children of Israel forever; for in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.'" {18} And when He had made an end of speaking with him on Mount Sinai, He gave Moses two tablets of the Testimony, tablets of stone, written with the finger of God.

(Ezekiel 20:12-13 NKJV) "Moreover I also gave them My Sabbaths, to be a sign between them and Me, that they might know that I am the LORD who sanctifies them. {13} "Yet the house of Israel rebelled against Me in the wilderness; they did not walk in My statutes; they despised My judgments, 'which, if a man does, he shall live by them'; and they greatly defiled My Sabbaths. Then I said I would pour out My fury on them in the wilderness, to consume them.

7.) (Exodus 16:4-35 NKJV) Then the LORD said to Moses, "Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you. And the people shall go out and gather a certain quota every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in My law or not. {5} "And it shall be on the sixth day that they shall prepare what they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily." {6} Then Moses and Aaron said to all the children of Israel, "At evening you shall know that the LORD has brought you out of the land of Egypt. {7} "And in the morning you shall see the glory of the LORD; for He hears your complaints against the LORD. But what are we, that you complain against us?" {8} Also Moses said, "This shall be seen when the LORD gives you meat to eat in the evening, and in the morning bread to the full; for the LORD hears your complaints which you make against Him. And what are we? Your complaints are not against us but against the LORD." {9} Then Moses spoke to Aaron, "Say to all the congregation of the children of Israel, 'Come near before the LORD, for He has heard your complaints.'" {10} Now it came to pass, as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud. {11} And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, {12} "I have heard the complaints of the children of Israel. Speak to them, saying, 'At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread. And you shall know that I am the LORD your God.'" {13} So it was that quails came up at evening and covered the camp, and in the morning the dew lay all around the camp. {14} And when the layer of dew lifted, there, on the surface of the wilderness, was a small round substance, as fine as frost on the ground. {15} So when the children of Israel saw it, they said to one another, "What is it?" For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, "This is the bread which the LORD has given you to eat. {16} "This is the thing which the LORD has commanded: 'Let every man gather it according to each one's need, one omer for each person, according to the number of persons; let every man take for those who are in his tent.'" {17} Then the children of Israel did so and gathered, some more, some less. {18} So when they measured it by omers, he who gathered much had nothing left over, and he who gathered little had no lack. Every man had gathered according to each one's need. {19} And Moses said, "Let no one leave any of it till morning." {20} Notwithstanding they did not heed Moses. But some of them left part of it until morning, and it bred worms and stank. And Moses was angry with them. {21} So they gathered it every morning, every man according to his need. And when the sun became hot, it melted. {22} And so it was, on the sixth day, that they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. And all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. {23} Then he said to them, "This is what the LORD has said: 'Tomorrow is a Sabbath rest, a holy Sabbath to the LORD. Bake what you will bake today, and boil what you will boil; and lay up for yourselves all that remains, to be kept until morning.'" {24} So they laid it up till morning, as Moses commanded; and it did not stink, nor were there any worms in it. {25} Then Moses said, "Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to the LORD; today you will not find it in the field. {26} "Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, which is the Sabbath, there will be none." {27} Now it happened that some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather, but they found none. {28} And the LORD said to Moses, "How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My laws? {29} "See! For the LORD has given you the Sabbath; therefore He gives you on the sixth day bread for two days. Let every man remain in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day." {30} So the people rested on the seventh day. {31} And the house of Israel called its name Manna. And it was like white coriander seed, and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey. {32} Then Moses said, "This is the thing which the LORD has commanded: 'Fill an omer with it, to be kept for your generations, that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.'" {33} And Moses said to Aaron, "Take a pot and put an omer of manna in it, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations." {34} As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept. {35} And the children of Israel ate manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land; they ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan.

8.) (Ezekiel 20:13-16 NKJV) "Yet the house of Israel rebelled against Me in the wilderness; they did not walk in My statutes; they despised My judgments, 'which, if a man does, he shall live by them'; and they greatly defiled My Sabbaths. Then I said I would pour out My fury on them in the wilderness, to consume them. {14} "But I acted for My name's sake, that it should not be profaned before the Gentiles, in whose sight I had brought them out. {15} "So I also raised My hand in an oath to them in the wilderness, that I would not bring them into the land which I had given them, 'flowing with milk and honey,' the glory of all lands, {16} "because they despised My judgments and did not walk in My statutes, but profaned My Sabbaths; for their heart went after their idols.

(Ezekiel 20:23-24 NKJV) "Also I raised My hand in an oath to those in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the Gentiles and disperse them throughout the countries, {24} "because they had not executed My judgments, but had despised My statutes, profaned My Sabbaths, and their eyes were fixed on their fathers' idols.

(Ezekiel 22:6-8 NKJV) "Look, the princes of Israel: each one has used his power to shed blood in you. {7} "In you they have made light of father and mother; in your midst they have oppressed the stranger; in you they have mistreated the fatherless and the widow. {8} "You have despised My holy things and profaned My Sabbaths.

(Ezekiel 22:15 NKJV) "I will scatter you among the nations, disperse you throughout the countries, and remove your filthiness completely from you.

(Ezekiel 22:26 NKJV) "Her priests have violated My law and profaned My holy things; they have not distinguished between the holy and unholy, nor have they made known the difference between the unclean and the clean; and they have hidden their eyes from My Sabbaths, so that I am profaned among them.

(Ezekiel 23:36-38 NKJV) The LORD also said to me: "Son of man, will you judge Oholah and Oholibah? Then declare to them their abominations. {37} "For they have committed adultery, and blood is on their hands. They have committed adultery with their idols, and even sacrificed their sons whom they bore to Me, passing them through the fire, to devour them. {38} "Moreover they have done this to Me: They have defiled My sanctuary on the same day and profaned My Sabbaths.

(Ezekiel 23:46-47 NKJV) "For thus says the Lord GOD: 'Bring up an assembly against them, give them up to trouble and plunder. {47} 'The assembly shall stone them with stones and execute them with their swords; they shall slay their sons and their daughters, and burn their houses with fire.

9.) (Isaiah 58:13-14 NKJV) "If you turn away your foot from the Sabbath, From doing your pleasure on My holy day, And call the Sabbath a delight, The holy day of the LORD honorable, And shall honor Him, not doing your own ways, Nor finding your own pleasure, Nor speaking your own words, {14} Then you shall delight yourself in the LORD; And I will cause you to ride on the high hills of the earth, And feed you with the heritage of Jacob your father. The mouth of the LORD has spoken."

10.) (Leviticus 23:1-3 NKJV) And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, {2} "Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'The feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, these are My feasts.

{3} 'Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work on it; it is the Sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.

(Hebrews 10:24-25 NKJV) And let us consider one another in order to stir up love and good works, {25} not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as is the manner of some, but exhorting one another, and so much the more as you see the Day approaching.

(1 John 1:3 NKJV) that which we have seen and heard we declare to you, that you also may have fellowship with us; and truly our fellowship is with the Father and with His Son Jesus Christ.

(1 John 1:7 NKJV) But if we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin.

11.) (Leviticus 23:32 NKJV) "It shall be to you a sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict your souls; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall celebrate your sabbath."

(Genesis 1:5 NKJV) God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day.

(Genesis 1:8 NKJV) And God called the firmament Heaven. So the evening and the morning were the second day.

(Genesis 1:13 NKJV) So the evening and the morning were the third day.

(Genesis 1:19 NKJV) So the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

(Genesis 1:23 NKJV) So the evening and the morning were the fifth day.

(Genesis 1:31 NKJV) Then God saw everything that He had made, and indeed it was very good. So the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

12.) (Luke 4:16 NKJV) So He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read.

(Mark 1:21 NKJV) Then they went into Capernaum, and immediately on the Sabbath He entered the synagogue and taught.

(Mark 6:2 NKJV) And when the Sabbath had come, He began to teach in the synagogue. And many hearing Him were astonished, saying, "Where did this Man get these things? And what wisdom is this which is given to Him, that such mighty works are performed by His hands!

(Luke 6:6-11 NKJV) Now it happened on another Sabbath, also, that He entered the synagogue and taught. And a man was there whose right hand was withered. {7} So the scribes and Pharisees watched Him closely, whether He would heal on the Sabbath, that they might find an accusation against Him. {8} But He knew their thoughts, and said to the man who had the withered hand, "Arise and stand here." And he arose and stood. {9} Then Jesus said to them, "I will ask you one thing: Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to destroy?" {10} And when He had looked around at them all, He said to the man, "Stretch out your hand." And he did so, and his hand was restored as whole as the other. {11} But they were filled with rage, and discussed with one another what they might do to Jesus.

(Luke 13:10-14 NKJV) Now He was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath. {11} And behold, there was a woman who had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bent over and could in no way raise herself up. {12} But when Jesus saw her, He called her to Him and said to her, "Woman, you are loosed from your infirmity." {13} And He laid His hands on her, and immediately she was made straight, and glorified God. {14} But the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath; and he said to the crowd, "There are six days on which men ought to work; therefore come and be healed on them, and not on the Sabbath day."

13.) (Acts 13:42-44 NKJV) So when the Jews went out of the synagogue, the Gentiles begged that these words might be preached to them the next Sabbath. {43} Now when the congregation had broken up, many of the Jews and devout proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas, who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God. {44} On the next Sabbath almost the whole city came together to hear the word of God.

(Acts 17:2 NKJV) Then Paul, as his custom was, went in to them, and for three Sabbaths reasoned with them from the Scriptures,

(Acts 18:4 NKJV) And he reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, and persuaded both Jews and Greeks.

(Acts 2:1-5 NKJV) When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. {2} And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. {3} Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. {4} And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. {5} And there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men, from every nation under heaven.

(Acts 15:19-21 NKJV) "Therefore I judge that we should not trouble those from among the Gentiles who are turning to God, {20} "but that we write to them to abstain from things polluted by idols, from sexual immorality, from things strangled, and from blood. {21} "For Moses has had throughout many generations those who preach him in every city, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath."

14.) (Isaiah 66:23 NKJV) And it shall come to pass That from one New Moon to another, And from one Sabbath to another, All flesh shall come to worship before Me," says the LORD.

(Ezekiel 44:24 NKJV) "In controversy they shall stand as judges, and judge it according to My judgments. They shall keep My laws and My statutes in all My appointed meetings, and they shall hallow My Sabbaths.