B i b l e   S t u d y

Lesson: The Feast of Tabernacles


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SCRIPTURE READING: Leviticus 23:33-44

GOLDEN TEXT: Zechariah 14:16


Did you know that God has Holy Days that reveal His plan of salvation? Godís redemptive plan is revealed in His seven annual festivals. Each one of Godís seven annual Holy Days are prophetic, Christological and has a specific meaning,

1. The Lord spoke to Moses and proclaimed holy convocations. Whose festivals are these? (Leviticus 23:1-2.)

2. Were the Israelites told to observe festivals at three times each year? (Exodus 23:14-16, 34:18, 22-23; Deut. 16:16; 2 Chronicles 8:13.)

(Note: These three annual festival seasons were centered around the three harvests in Israel, the early spring harvest, the latter spring harvest and the fall harvest.)

In this Bible Study lesson we want to focus in on Godís festival called the Feast of Tabernacles.

3. Is the Feast of Tabernacles a harvest festival? (Leviticus 23: 39). What are the biblical commandments relative to this festival? (Deuteronomy 16:13-17).
Is it especially a family festival? (verse 14). Is this a celebration in response to Godíís generosity to His people? (verse 15). Is it a "pilgrimage" festival - that is, a time for travel to the place God chooses? (verse16). How were they to finance this pilgrimage? (Deuteronomy 14:22-27). Is it a time for giving a special offering in thanksgiving to God? (Deuteronomy 16:16, 17). How were the Israelites to live during these days? (Leviticus 23:40-42). Why? (verse 43)

Note: God has always emphasized the temporary nature of human existence. Abraham, for example, was uprooted from a stable environment (Genesis 12:1-5) and spent the rest of his life as a nomad dwelling in tents (Hebrews 11:9).

4. Did this concept of sojourning, dwelling in tents or tabernacles, being strangers and pilgrims have special meaning to New Testament writers? (Hebrews 11:8-16, 38-40)

5. Did they see Christians as sojourners, strangers and pilgrims in this world? (I Peter 1:17, 2: 11)

6. How did they use the term "tabernacles"? ( II Peter 1: 13, 14; II Corinthians 5:1-4)

Note: The Feast of Tabernacles carries a meaning for Christians very similar to its original concept. Even as Israel of old, we also dwell in tabernacles as we pass our sojourning between Egypt and the promised land.

7. The Feast of Tabernacles follows closely the Day of Atonement, which pictures the binding of Satan. What major prophetic event follows the binding of Satan? (Revelation 20:1-4)

8. Did the disciples see any connection between "tabernacles" and the Kingdom of Christ? (Matthew 16:28 through Matthew 17:9)

Note: Many have puzzled over the transfiguration of Jesus, wondering what it means. They are particularly puzzled by the appearance of Moses and Elijah when Moses and Elijah were long dead and buried. The keys to understanding this are found in Matthew 16:28 and Matthew 17:9. What Peter, James and John saw was a vision of the Son of Man in His Kingdom. When Jesus returns, Moses and Elijah will be alive and reigning with Him (Revelation 20:4).

9. Is there a special connection between the Feast of Pentecost and the Feast of Tabernacles? (Exodus 34:22)

Note: They are mentioned both together and alone in this verse because they are both harvest festivals - Pentecost the feast of firstfruits early in the season, and Tabernacles the "feast of ingathering" at the end of the season. In this is subtly stated one of the most profound truths of Godíís Word. After the time "firstfruits" is closed - after Christ has returned and set up His Kingdom - there is yet to come a harvest of souls into Godís Kingdom.

10. Read carefully the 14th chapter of Zechariah and answer these questions:
What is the time setting of the prophecy? (Zechariah 14:1). Is it the time of the return of Christ and the establishing of His Kingdom? (verses 3-11; compare verse 4 with Acts 1:9-12). Will the Feast of Tabernacles be observed during this time? (Zechariah 14:16-19). Will the feast be observed by Gentiles? (verse 18). Would this make any sense if the Feast of Tabernacles had been abolished at the cross?

11. Was Jesus born to be a ruler? (John 18:36-37). When Jesus returns and establishes His Kingdom, will He be given dominion and supreme ruling authority over all nations of the earth? (Daniel 7:14). Will Jesus rule as King of kings and Lord of lords? (Revelation 19:11-16). How long will Christ rule? (Revelation 20:4-6). Will the saints rule with Him? (Same verses).

Note: The Feast of Tabernacles represents the Kingdom of God that Jesus Christ will establish on the earth and of which He will rule for one thousand years with the resurrected saints.

12. What will this millennial Kingdom be like? Will Satan be bound for one thousand years? (Revelation 20:1-3). Will Jesus and the saints rule and judge with wisdom and understanding and will their judgments be based upon Godís ten commandments? (Isaiah 11:2-4). In the Kingdom age will Godís laws be written in the peoplesí hearts and minds? (Hebrews 8:10).

13. In the millennial Kingdom will people also be keeping Godís seventh day Sabbath? (Isaiah 66:23). Will the people beat their swords into plowshares and not learn war any more? (Micah 4:1-3). Will the desert blossom like a rose? (Isaiah 35:1-10). Will people have good health? (Isaiah 58:8; Jeremiah 30:17). Will there be a pure language? (Zephaniah 3:9). Will animals become tame? (Isaiah 11:6-9).

Note: The millennial Kingdom will be a paradise on earth. The deserts will bloom, good health will prevail, peace will endure, animals will become tame, there will be abundant supply of food and it will rain in due season. All of mankind will worship God in spirit and in truth.

God will bless the earth and man abundantly.


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Scriptures


Scripture Reading: (Leviticus 23:33-44 NKJV) "Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, {34} "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to the LORD. {35} 'On the first day there shall be a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work on it. {36} 'For seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. On the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. It is a sacred assembly, and you shall do no customary work on it. {37} 'These are the feasts of the LORD which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire to the LORD, a burnt offering and a grain offering, a sacrifice and drink offerings, everything on its day; {38} 'besides the Sabbaths of the LORD, besides your gifts, besides all your vows, and besides all your freewill offerings which you give to the LORD. {39} 'Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of the LORD for seven days; on the first day there shall be a sabbath-rest, and on the eighth day a sabbath-rest. {40} 'And you shall take for yourselves on the first day the fruit of beautiful trees, branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God for seven days. {41} 'You shall keep it as a feast to the LORD for seven days in the year. It shall be a statute forever in your generations. You shall celebrate it in the seventh month. {42} 'You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths, {43} 'that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.'" {44} So Moses declared to the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD."


Golden Text:   Zechariah 14:16 (NKJV) - And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.


1. (Leviticus 23:1 2 NKJV) "And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, {2} "Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'The feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, these are My feasts."
2. (Exodus 23:14 16 NKJV) ďThree times you shall keep a feast to Me in the year: {15} "You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread (you shall eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the month of Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt; none shall appear before Me empty); {16} "and the Feast of Harvest, the firstfruits of your labors which you have sown in the field; and the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year, when you have gathered in the fruit of your labors from the field."

(Exodus 34:18 NKJV) ďThe Feast of Unleavened Bread you shall keep. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, in the appointed time of the month of Abib; for in the month of Abib you came out from Egypt."

(Exodus 34:22 23 NKJV) ďAnd you shall observe the Feast of Weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the year's end. {23} "Three times in the year all your men shall appear before the Lord, the LORD God of Israel."

(Deuteronomy 16:16 NKJV) ďThree times a year all your males shall appear before the LORD your God in the place which He chooses: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, at the Feast of Weeks, and at the Feast of Tabernacles; and they shall not appear before the LORD empty handed."

(2 Chronicles 8:13 NKJV) "according to the daily rate, offering according to the commandment of Moses, for the Sabbaths, the New Moons, and the three appointed yearly feasts; the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks, and the Feast of Tabernacles."

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Lev 23:33 (NKJV) Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

Lev 23:34 (NKJV) "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to the LORD.

Lev 23:39 (NKJV) 'Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of the LORD for seven days; on the first day there shall be a sabbath rest, and on the eighth day a sabbath rest.

Deu 16:13 (NKJV) "You shall observe the Feast of Tabernacles seven days, when you have gathered from your threshing floor and from your winepress.

Deu 16:14 (NKJV) "And you shall rejoice in your feast, you and your son and your daughter, your male servant and your female servant and the Levite, the stranger and the fatherless and the widow, who are within your gates.

Deu 16:15 (NKJV) "Seven days you shall keep a sacred feast to the LORD your God in the place which the LORD chooses, because the LORD your God will bless you in all your produce and in all the work of your hands, so that you surely rejoice.

Deu 16:16 (NKJV) "Three times a year all your males shall appear before the LORD your God in the place which He chooses: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, at the Feast of Weeks, and at the Feast of Tabernacles; and they shall not appear before the LORD empty handed.

Deu 16:17 (NKJV) "Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the LORD your God which He has given you.

Deu 14:22 (NKJV) "You shall truly tithe all the increase of your grain that the field produces year by year.

Deu 14:23 (NKJV) "And you shall eat before the LORD your God, in the place where He chooses to make His name abide, the tithe of your grain and your new wine and your oil, of the firstborn of your herds and your flocks, that you may learn to fear the LORD your God always.

Deu 14:24 (NKJV) "But if the journey is too long for you, so that you are not able to carry the tithe, or if the place where the LORD your God chooses to put His name is too far from you, when the LORD your God has blessed you,

Deu 14:25 (NKJV) "then you shall exchange it for money, take the money in your hand, and go to the place which the LORD your God chooses.

Deu 14:26 (NKJV) "And you shall spend that money for whatever your heart desires: for oxen or sheep, for wine or similar drink, for whatever your heart desires; you shall eat there before the LORD your God, and you shall rejoice, you and your household.

Deu 14:27 (NKJV) "You shall not forsake the Levite who is within your gates, for he has no part nor inheritance with you.

Lev 23:40 (NKJV) 'And you shall take for yourselves on the first day the fruit of beautiful trees, branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God for 
seven days.

Lev 23:41 (NKJV) 'You shall keep it as a feast to the LORD for seven days in the year. It shall be a statute forever in your generations. You shall celebrate it in the seventh month.

Lev 23:42 (NKJV) 'You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths,

Lev 23:43 (NKJV) 'that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.'"

Gen 12:1 (NKJV) Now the LORD had said to Abram: "Get out of your country, From your family And from your father's house, To a land that I will show you.

Gen 12:2 (NKJV) I will make you a great nation; I will bless you And make your name great; And you shall be a blessing.

Gen 12:3 (NKJV) I will bless those who bless you, And I will curse him who curses you; And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed."

Gen 12:4 (NKJV) So Abram departed as the LORD had spoken to him, and Lot went with him. And Abram was seventy five years old when he departed from Haran.

Gen 12:5 (NKJV) Then Abram took Sarai his wife and Lot his brother's son, and all their possessions that they had gathered, and the people whom they had acquired in Haran, and they departed to go to the land of Canaan. So they came to the land of Canaan.

Heb 11:9 (NKJV) By faith he dwelt in the land of promise as in a foreign country, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise;

Heb 11:8 (NKJV) By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to the place which he would receive as an inheritance. And he went out, not knowing where he was going.

Heb 11:9 (NKJV) By faith he dwelt in the land of promise as in a foreign country, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise;

Heb 11:10 (NKJV) for he waited for the city which has foundations, whose builder and maker is God.

Heb 11:11 (NKJV) By faith Sarah herself also received strength to conceive seed, and she bore a child when she was past the age, because she judged Him faithful who had promised.

Heb 11:12 (NKJV) Therefore from one man, and him as good as dead, were born as many as the stars of the sky in multitude; innumerable as the sand which is by the seashore.
Heb 11:13 (NKJV) These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off were assured of them, embraced them and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.

Heb 11:14 (NKJV) For those who say such things declare plainly that they seek a homeland.

Heb 11:15 (NKJV) And truly if they had called to mind that country from which they had come out, they would have had opportunity to return.

Heb 11:16 (NKJV) But now they desire a better, that is, a heavenly country. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for He has 
prepared a city for them.

Heb 11:38 (NKJV) of whom the world was not worthy. They wandered in deserts and mountains, in dens and caves of the earth.

Heb 11:39 (NKJV) And all these, having obtained a good testimony through faith, did not receive the promise,

Heb 11:40 (NKJV) God having provided something better for us, that they should not be made perfect apart from us.

1 Pet 1:17 (NKJV) And if you call on the Father, who without partiality judges according to each one's work, conduct yourselves throughout the time of your stay here in fear;

1 Pet 2:11 (NKJV) Beloved, I beg you as sojourners and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts which war against the soul,

2 Pet 1:13 (NKJV) Yes, I think it is right, as long as I am in this tent, to stir you up by reminding you,

2 Pet 1:14 (NKJV) knowing that shortly I must put off my tent, just as our Lord Jesus Christ showed me.

2 Cor 5:1 (NKJV) For we know that if our earthly house, this tent, is destroyed, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.

2 Cor 5:2 (NKJV) For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed with our habitation which is from heaven,

2 Cor 5:3 (NKJV) if indeed, having been clothed, we shall not be found naked.

2 Cor 5:4 (NKJV) For we who are in this tent groan, being burdened, not because we want to be unclothed, but further clothed, that mortality may be swallowed up by life.

Rev 20:1 (NKJV) Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand.

Rev 20:2 (NKJV) He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years;

Rev 20:3 (NKJV) and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years were finished. But after these things he must be released for a little while.

Rev 20:4 (NKJV) And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands. And they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years.

Mat 16:28 (NKJV) "Assuredly, I say to you, there are some standing here who shall not taste death till they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom."

Mat 17:1 (NKJV) Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, led them up on a high mountain by themselves;

Mat 17:2 (NKJV) and He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light.

Mat 17:3 (NKJV) And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him.

Mat 17:4 (NKJV) Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, "Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, let us make here three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah."

Mat 17:5 (NKJV) While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!"

Mat 17:6 (NKJV) And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their faces and were greatly afraid.

Mat 17:7 (NKJV) But Jesus came and touched them and said, "Arise, and do not be afraid."

Mat 17:8 (NKJV) When they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no one but Jesus only.

Mat 17:9 (NKJV) Now as they came down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them, saying, "Tell the vision to no one until the Son of Man is risen from the dead."

Rev 20:1 (NKJV) Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand.

Rev 20:2 (NKJV) He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years;

Rev 20:3 (NKJV) and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years were finished. But after these things he must be released for a little while.

Rev 20:4 (NKJV) And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands. And they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years.

Exo 34:22 (NKJV) "And you shall observe the Feast of Weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the year's 
end.

Zec 14:1 (NKJV) Behold, the day of the LORD is coming, And your spoil will be divided in your midst.

Zec 14:2 (NKJV) For I will gather all the nations to battle against Jerusalem; The city shall be taken, The houses rifled, And the women 
ravished. Half of the city shall go into captivity, But the remnant of the people shall not be cut off from the city.

Zec 14:3 (NKJV) Then the LORD will go forth And fight against those nations, As He fights in the day of battle.

Zec 14:4 (NKJV) And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, Which faces Jerusalem on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two, From east to west, Making a very large valley; Half of the mountain shall move toward the north And half of it toward the south.

Zec 14:5 (NKJV) Then you shall flee through My mountain valley, For the mountain valley shall reach to Azal. Yes, you shall flee As you fled from the earthquake In the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Thus the LORD my God will come, And all the saints with You.

Zec 14:6 (NKJV) It shall come to pass in that day That there will be no light; The lights will diminish.

Zec 14:7 (NKJV) It shall be one day Which is known to the LORD; Neither day nor night. But at evening time it shall happen That it will be light.

Zec 14:8 (NKJV) And in that day it shall be That living waters shall flow from Jerusalem, Half of them toward the eastern sea And half of them toward the western sea; In both summer and winter it shall occur.

Zec 14:9 (NKJV) And the LORD shall be King over all the earth. In that day it shall be; "The LORD is one," And His name one.

Zec 14:10 (NKJV) All the land shall be turned into a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem. Jerusalem shall be raised up and inhabited in her place from Benjamin's Gate to the place of the First Gate and the Corner Gate, and from the Tower of Hananeel to the king's winepresses.

Zec 14:11 (NKJV) The people shall dwell in it; And no longer shall there be utter destruction, But Jerusalem shall be safely inhabited.

Acts 1:9 (NKJV) Now when He had spoken these things, while they watched, He was taken up, and a cloud received Him out of their sight.

Acts 1:10 (NKJV) And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as He went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel,

Acts 1:11 (NKJV) who also said, "Men of Galilee, why do you stand gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will so come in like manner as you saw Him go into heaven."

Acts 1:12 (NKJV) Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is near Jerusalem, a Sabbath day's journey.

Zec 14:16 (NKJV) And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.

Zec 14:17 (NKJV) And it shall be that whichever of the families of the earth do not come up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, on them there will be no rain.
Zec 14:18 (NKJV) If the family of Egypt will not come up and enter in, they shall have no rain; they shall receive the plague with which the LORD strikes the nations who do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.

Zec 14:19 (NKJV) This shall be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.